JESUS in The Older Testament
Jesus or Yeshua in the Older Testament
When reading or studying the Bible, it helps to recognize that God is providing information in incremental progressive revelations. We do not get all of the details upfront. Israel was the nation chosen to represent God here on Earth to all other peoples (Nations). To accomplish that, God birthed a first-born nation when He took them out of bondage from Egypt. Their journey and experiences are events that identify by progressive revelation, who God is and what He is doing with the world’s human race. God’s word (Testament or Covenant) is inerrant, because the Bible words came from Him and are protected by Him through His Holy Spirit. see, 2 Timothy 3:16-17; 1 Peter 1:10-12; 2 Peter 1:20-21.
The Hebrew word mashiach means one anointed or appointed by God to a specific position (and especially those of prophet, priest, and king). The ceremony of anointing (mashiach) informs the observers of the anointed individuals authority to function in the role to which God has assigned/called them. Some examples of foretelling of Messiah are, the “Greater Prophet” spoken of by Moses (Deuteronomy 18:15); the never-ending priesthood of Melchizedek (Gen. 14:18-20); and the eternally enthroned seed of David (2 Sam. 7:12-16; 23:1-3, 5); are each Messiah’s. That is, each were called and authorized by God for the purpose(s) for which they were called.
Recognizing the numerous individuals that God anointed as Messiahs for specific purposes, also gives us the progressive revelation of significance as we learn more about the people and times leading up to Messiah Yeshua’s (Christ Jesus) birth, death, and resurrection. With God, timing is of great importance. (Psalms 31:15; Romans 5:6)
Here are some of the thousands of references made which turn out to be of and about Messiah/Christ. These helped me to recognize the superior importance of our redeemer savior who was chosen, for His purpose, before the creating process began, 1 Peter 1:17-21.
- During Jesus life on Earth, the Old Testament was the only Scriptures. Jesus/Yeshua references the Old Testament as referring to Him, His purpose, and His ultimate fulfillment. Luke 24:44, Jesus/Yeshua said to them, “This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms.” (In other words – all Old Testament is about Him)
· The purpose God had in giving us His word (scripture) is “All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness, so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” 2 Timothy 3:16-17
· Often the key to understanding the New Testament comes from the Old. For example, Colossians 2:17, tells us that from days of old are but shadows of that which were to come: “These are a shadow of the things that were to come; the reality, however, is found in Christ.” Therefore, Messiah/Christ is in the Old Testament revealed.
· Genesis 3:15 is the first specific declaration that looks to the future of the one coming with power and authority to defeat Satan. Galatians 3:16 enriches the Genesis Scripture, “The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say ‘and to seeds,’ meaning many people, but ‘and to your seed,’ meaning one person, who is Christ.” cf., Genesis 12:7; 13:15; 24:7.
· Exodus, the book of Israel’s redemption from Egyptian Bondage has many references that we now know were foretelling of Messiah/Christ. What a teaching book for all of us to learn about God’s limits, forgiveness, character, and sovereign power. Exodus 6:6, “Therefore, say to the Israelites: “I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians. I will free you from being slaves to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with mighty acts of judgment.” (emphasis added)
· I can’t think of Exodus without a word on the Passover Lamb. (Exodus 12:13; 1 Corinthians 5:7; Ephesians 1:7; 1 Peter 1:18-19). God promised Israel that the angel of death would Passover when He saw the blood on the door frame. Just as Christ Jesus is our Passover lamb and His blood redeemed us.
· Just as God chose the Levites to be His special servants in the temple, Messiah (Christ) came to Earth to give His life as the ransom for many. Mark 10:45; Isaiah 53:5-6; Numbers 3:13.
· More detailed posts will follow on this topic.